Saturday, November 22, 2014

Emma Heppermann, The Potato Soup Black Widow Serial Killer – Missouri, 1940

Emma Hepperman was suspected to have murdered up to six husbands, a mother-in-law, possibly a daughter, and to have poisoned a step-daughter, who survived due to diagnosis following her father’s death. Newspapers spell the name in two ways. The spelling with two n's is correct.


FULL TEXT: St. Charles, Mo., June 4 – Mrs. Emma Sarana Hepperman, who was married seven times, was charged in a warrant today with murder by poison of her last husband, Tony Hepperman, whom she met through an advertisement for a position as a housekeeper.

The warrant was issued by Justice of the Peace Gus Temme after a coroner’s jury had returned a verdict stating that Hepperman, 53-year-old farmer, had been poisoned. He died six weeks after his marriage.

In a deposition read at the inquest, Dr. J. L. Neubeiser, who treated Hepperman at a hospital here, said the farmer made “a ‘dying declaration’ that he believed his wife had poisoned him.”

A short, heavy-set woman with gray hair, Mrs. Hepperman, 46, has exhumed several days ago and the vital organs were examined in the laboratory of the state highway patrol at Jefferson City, Schneider, 56, a farmer living near St. Peter’s, Mo., died last September 19 after being ill two days.

[“7-Times Widow In Murder Net,” The Spokesman-Review (Wa.), Jun. 5, 1940, p. 3]


FULL TEXT: A Franklin County jury found Emma Heppermann of St. Charles County guilty of poisoner her punishment at life punishment. Judge Breuer gave the case to the jury Thursday evening shortly before six o’clock but no verdict was returned until 11:30 Friday morning. Mrs. Heppermann was found guilty on the first ballot taken by the jury, but it required nearly nine hours of balloting before her punishment was fixed, two jurors holding out for the death penalty.

Mts. Heppermann was married seven times; two husbands secured a divorce but the other five died under rather unusual circumstances. A son of her sixth husband told a representative of the Tribune that his father had the same “stomach trouble” as Tony Heppermann; that there was also a “robbery” and that all circumstances of his father’s life with the defendant had paralleled the incidents leading to Heppermann’s death.

Arguments for a new trial were presented before Judge Breuer Thursday afternoon at two o’clock.

[“Jury Brings in Life Sentence – Emma Heppermann Found Guilty of Poisoning Husband,” Franklin Couny Tribune (Union, Mo.), May 9, 1941, p. 1]



Jun. 20, 1883 – born Emma Sarana Stinnett, Steelville
Prior to Apr. 25, 1910 – marries first husband; Charles Schwack, 33.
Jul. 15, 1925 – Charles Schwack, 1st husband, died
May 12, 1931 – Frank Bessmer (b 5-1-1893), 2nd husband, died
Aug. 30, 1932 – Lola May Schwack, daughter (almost 14), died
Ca 1932-33 – Frank Lee, 2rd husband (no record found), divorced (reportedly)
Mar. 25, 1933 – Myra King, mother-in-law (Roberts), died
July 21, 1933 – Bert Roberts, 4th husband, died (housekeeper advertisement)
Oct. 19, 1935 – William A. Vaughn, 61, 5th husband; separ. after 6 mo.; divorced. Oct. 1937
1935 – Vaughan house burned
Sep. 19, 1939 – Aloys Schneider, 6th husband, 55, died
Early May 1940 – Ethel Hepperman, 12, step-daughter – poisoned, survived May 28, May 28, 1940 – Tony Hepperman, 53, 7th husband; St. Joseph’s Hospital in St. Charles.; had been married 6 weeks (Emma was 46)
May 29, 1940 – Emma arrested


Notes based on the research of Marsha Corley:

OVERVIEW: Emma Hepperman, 46, was arrested the day after her 53-year-old seventh husband, Tony Hepperman, died in St. Joseph’s Hospital in St. Charles, Missouri. They had been married only five months.

She was born in 1883 and claimed she was married to her first husband at the tender age of 14 and had twelve children from that marriage, yet no records have been found that would support her claim. Charles Schwack died in 1925 and Emma went hog-wild from then on in the marriage department, picking up six additional spouses, four others of whom died in her home, and, according to her, two who divorced her.

After arsenic had been found in the blood of the deceased Tony Hepperman it was discovered that 12-year-old step-daughter Ethel Hepperman who had been ill for weeks had also been poisoned. Investigation brought out the facts of her busy matrimonial career involving spousal suspicious as well as ordinary seeming (at the time) deaths, including a daughter from her first marriage and a mother-in-law.



EXCERPT 1: At the trial for the murder of Tony Hepperman Alphonse Schneider, brother of husband number six:  “She told me three times she wanted to kill me,” he testified. “One day, in the midst of a quarrel, she said she wanted to cook me some soup.” Schneider leaned close to the jury and said, “I sure am glad I didn’t eat any of that soup.”


EXCERPT 2: Mrs. Eagan [daughter of Tony Hepperman] said that on the Friday before her dad’s death he told her his wife had talked him into the notion of selling the farm and getting away as everyone was butting into their business.


EXCERPT 3: Inquest Testimony: The oldest daughter said that after her father was brought to the hospital he told her that when he was in St. Louis the Sunday evening his wife brought him coffee with the poison in it and also water with the same stuff in it but he refused. “She sat at my bedside, waiting for me to die,” the victim told his daughter. Shortly after that the officers came and took the woman away. [“Startling Evidence At Inquest Into Death Of Hepperman Brother Was Suspicious Of Woman’s Actions - Prosecuting Atty. Dyer Announced First Degree Murder Charges Would Be Filed,” St. Charles Weekly Cosmos-Monitor (St. Charles, Mo,), Jun. 5, 1940; quoted in e-book]


EXCERPT 4: Inquest Testimony of Steve Hepperman, Tony’s brother: “When got back wheeled him on a chair to his bed, and he looked at me and he said: ‘My God who would have thought she would poison me,’ and he asked me, ‘do you think why would she want to poison me I was so good to her?’ He said ‘where is she?’ and I said ‘in jail.’ He said ‘then keep the dam old bitch there.’” [“Startling Evidence At Inquest Into Death Of Hepperman Brother Was Suspicious Of Woman’s Actions - Prosecuting Atty. Dyer Announced First Degree Murder Charges Would Be Filed,” St. Charles Weekly Cosmos-Monitor (St. Charles, Mo,), Jun. 5, 1940; quoted in e-book]


EXCERPT 5: Trial: Witnesses for the State yesterday included Steve Heppermann, brother of Tony and Mrs. Rosie Simpson, Negro laundress, who worked occasionally for the Heppermans. The brother testified that four days before his death his brother had known he was poisoned. Mrs. Simpson testified that Mrs. Hepperman told her shortly before Hepperman’s death, “Hep has $1,000 and I’m going to get it.”


EXCERPT 6: Mrs. Emma S. Hepperman, seven times married woman, was found guilty by a jury of twelve men in the circuit court of Union, shortly before noon today and was sentenced to a term of life imprisonment in the Missouri penitentiary. The verdict was returned after deliberation of nine hours. Three ballots were necessary before her punishment was fixed. Two of the jurors held out for the death penalty on the first vote while one voted for death the second time. The third ballot was unanimous for life.



Book: Marina Corley, Emma Hepermann, Sr. Charles Black Widow, 2014? (ebook)

Blog: Carpe Diem Dona [Marina Corley]

[Bill McClellan, “McClellan: Remembering Emma’s Deadly Potato Soup,” St. Louis Post (Mo.), Jun. 28, 2013; contains claims made by perpetrator, treated as factual,  that were apparently false.]







More: Champion Black Widow Serial Killers


For links to other cases of woman who murdered 2 or more husbands (or paramours), see Black Widow Serial Killers.



Romania – Female Serial Killers & Husband Killing Syndicates

The sources used in this preliminary research are all English language. As such the reports contain many variants in transliteration of place names and personal names. During the period in question the locales were within the Austro-Hungarian empire and English newspapers typically listed the nation as “Hungary.” It should also be noted that since several different languages are used in these regions there are numerous different “correct” place names for each locale and that some of the names’ standard spelliung has chaned over time.


1895 – Pecia (Pecksa) – Marie Hevesy

1899 – Jebel, Timisoara (Timis county) (Szebely, Temesvar) – Marie Nikodem & Lisa Triku

1900 – Chisoda – Nikola Bettuz

1906 – Satchinez commune (Serbian: Kneez, Knez), Temesvar – Martha Petromany (Petrobany, etc.)

1933 – Villagos (Siria), Arad – Florica Duma & Ilona Kovacs


Also, posts on individual cases related to a “syndicate”:

1906 – Satchinez commune (Serbian: Kneez, Knez), Temesvar – Catherine Biber

1906 – Satchinez commune (Serbian: Kneez, Knez), Temesvar – “Knez Four-Time Black Widow” (name yet undetermined)

1907 – Satchinez commune (Serbian: Kneez, Knez), Temesvar – Frau Hazyok

Also, a female bandit serial murderess from Romania:

1902 – Jassy – Female Bandit (name presently undetermined)


For more than two dozen similar cases, dating from 1658 to 2011, see the summary list with links see: The Husband-Killing Syndicates


Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Chisako Kakehi, Suspected Champion Black Widow Serial Killer – Japan, 2014

On November 19, 2014, a 69-year-old Chisako Kakehi widow and retired bank employee was arrested in Kyoto, Japan on suspicion of murdering her fourth husband. She is additionally suspected of murdering six others between 1994 to 2013: her first four husbands, a boyfriend and a fiance.

In March of this year, during the early part of the criminal investigation, the suspect told reporters: “If people suspect murder, I’d find it easier to bite my tongue off and die,” she told reporters in March. She added that she saw herself as “doomed by fate.”

Over the past two decades she has been the beneficiary of insurance money totaling 800 million yen (US$ 6.8 million) in addition to other property and money she inherited following the seven men’s deaths.

Police are investigating all seven deaths, stating that the older men may possibly have died of natural causes, yet all must still be regarded as possible murders.

~ Suspected murder #1 ~

Kakehi’s first husband died in 1994 at the age of 54.

~ Suspected murder #2 ~

In 2006 her second husband, whom she had met through a dating agency, died at the age of 69. The presumed cause was “stroke.”

~ Suspected murder #3 ~

Her third marriage ended in 2008 with the death of her 75-year-old spouse.

~ Suspected murder #4 ~

In 2012 her then-fiance met his fate after collapsing while riding a motorbike.

~ Suspected murder #5 ~

In 2013, a boyfriend, believed to have been suffering from some form of cancer, died.

~ Suspected murder #6 ~

In September 2013 a 75-year-old boyfriend fell suddenly ill after the couple ate together at a restaurant and soon was dead.

~ Suspected murder #7 ~

Husband number four Isao Kakehi fell sick suddenly at home and was confirmed dead at a hospital in December 2013, less than two months following the couple’s marriage. An autopsy showed the presence of  cyanide compounds.

[Based on: Miwa Suzuki, “‘Black widow’ with seven dead partners arrested in Japan,” AFP, Nov. 19, 2014]


“I killed my husband,” Ms Kakehi said from the witness stand on Monday. “I have no intention of hiding the guilt. I will laugh it off and die if I am sentenced to death tomorrow,” [“‘Black Widow’ confesses to killing fourth husband,” New York Times, Jul 12, 2017]



1994 – first husband, 54, died.
2006 – second husband, 69, died.
2008 – third husband, 75, died.
2012 – fiance died.
2013 – boyfriend died.
Sep. 2013 – boyfriend, 75, died.
Dec. 2013 – Isao Kakehi, fourth husband died.






MORE Female Serial Killers of Asia


More: Champion Black Widow Serial Killers


For links to other cases of woman who murdered 2 or more husbands (or paramours), see Black Widow Serial Killers.


Saturday, November 15, 2014

Dear Diary, I’m a female serial killer!

Female serial killers who kept diaries or other written records of their murders. Some discuss their murders and some merely discuss “relationships” and “feelings.”


1610 – Elizabeth BathoryCsejte, Kingdom of Hungary (today Čachtice, Slovakia) 

Castle servants claimed 100-200, but legend has it that Erzebet kept a diary that listed all 650 of her victims.

1676 – Marquise de Brinvilliers – Paris, France

The Marquise fled to London, where she remained three years. Then she returned to France and entered a convent. She was enticed from it and arrested. In her cell was found a diary. It showed that had not only poisoned her father and two brothers, and many hospital patients, but her own child and two servants as well.

1889 – Sophie von Mesko – Lipes, Hungary

Quite recently the police, in the course of a domiciliary visit, discovered the diary in which she had entered with the greatest minuteness a number of details concerning her relations with her many lovers, and the still more damaging revelation that she had killed four other children by different lovers.

1893 – “Kuttenberg Baby-Killers” Bohemia (Czech, Austrian Empire) 

“The discovery of this wholesale system of baby murdering was brought about by accident, or the women might have continued their prosperous business for for years to come. So safe did they feel themselves from detection that one of them kept regular ledgers, in which was inscribed the sums received, the person the money was received from, the age and description of the child, and the date it was disposed of. But the help of this horrible record of crimes the authorities anticipate not only convicting and effectually disposing of these two female friends, but they also anticipate being able to make a large number of arrests and bring numbers of others to the bar of justice.”

1912 – Louise Lindloff – Chicago, Illinois, USA

“A ledger found hidden behind a secret lock in the closet in Mrs. Lindloff’s home is said by the police to show a complete record of the deaths of members of the household, together with the amounts of insurance collected. This book, written in German, is regarded by the prosecution as circumstantial evidence to uphold the theory of murder carried on as a cold, commercial proposition. It is held by the prosecution that in this book Mrs. Lindloff kept careful account of her resources and that whenever she needed money she planned a death. Suspicion was diverted, it is believed, by her frequent changes of residence.”

1920 – Raya & Sekina Aly Hammam – Alexandria, Egypt

“[T]he sisters gave the names of the miserable cutthroats whom they employed, and Sekina capped the mountain of atrocities by producing a notebook in which she kept accurate entries of the amounts in cash and in gems realized from the corpses and the sums each had cost her in miserly fees to the executioners.”

1926 – Josefa Szanyi (Josephine Tsany) – Budapest, Hungary

She has preserved diaries in which she records with amazing details the facts of each case, describing the sufferings of the victims as each in turn lay writhing in her arms in his death throes.

1965 – Myra Hindley – Greater Manchester, England

Her diary was devoted primarily to her obsession with her serial rape/murder partner, Ian Brady:

“I hope he loves me, and will marry me some day.”

“He is cruel and selfish, and I love him.”

1968 – Mary Bell – Scottswood, England

MARY’S NOTEBOOK: On May 27, 1986, the day Mary and Norma ransacked the Day School nursery and left behind scrawled boasts of having murdered, “Mary Bell drew a picture in her notebook of a child in the same pose as that in which Martin Brown had been found, with a bottle near him with the word "TABLET.." There was a man walking toward the child. It read, ‘On saturday I was in the house, and my mam sent Me to ask Norma if she Would come up the top with me? we went up and we came down at Magrets Road and there were crowds of people beside an old house. I asked what was the matter. there had been a boy who Just lay down and Died.’ Mary's notebook entry did not strike the teacher as odd, although she was the only student who wrote on Martin's death.” [Shirley Lynn Scott, “Mary Bell: Portrait of a Killer as a Young Girl.” Crime Library,, undated]

1978 – Cecile Bombeek – Ghent, Belgium

Time magazine reported that the killer was caught through the efforts of fellow nuns working in the 38-bed geriatric ward, who kept a diary of mysterious deaths and other irregularities.

1996 – Lyudmila Spesivtseva – Novosibirsk, Siberia

Mother and son serial killer cannibal team: A diary was found that documented the murders of 19 girls. They were suspected in a total of at least 32 murders.

1998 – Sante Kimes – New York, Bahamas, California

2001 – Kathleen Megan Folbigg – Mayfield, NSW, Australia – murdered 3 of her own children.

– “With Sarah, all I wanted was her to shut up. And one day, she did.”

– “Even though I’m responsible, it’s alright. She accepts and is happy... She’s a fairly good-natured baby, thank goodness - it saved her from the fate of her siblings. I think she was warned. …another one like Sarah. She saved her life by being different.”

– “I feel like the worst mother on this earth, scared that she’ll leave me now like Sarah did. I knew I was short-tempered, and cruel, sometimes, to her, and she left - with a bit of help.”

– “…would like all my mistakes and terrible thinking be corrected and mean something, though. Obviously, I’m my father’s daughter.”

2004 – Sonya Caleffi – Como, Italy

An anorexic nurse who has admitted killing patients at a new Milan hospital to make herself feel powerful and important kept a diary noting details of their deaths.

2009 – Harsimrat “Simmi” Kahlon – Calgary, Canada

Three infanticides over a period of four years were discovered following the death of the serial killer mom.

Forensic psychologist Dr. Thomas Dalby worked with investigators to perform a kind of “psychological autopsy” to reconstruct the woman’s state of mind. In Kahlon’s diary, which she kept in Urdu, Hindi and Punjabi, she wrote often that she felt worthless but there were few references to the babies.”It was clear that she was significantly depressed at times, looked at herself as worthless, and had lost her will for life,” said Dalby. Through interviews with friends and family, investigators found that Kahlon often overreacted to situations and would be happy one day and totally depressed the next. Dalby said it was unusual for a mother to keep the bodies of infants in close proximity after killing them.

Bruna kept a diary. After her arrest a controversy arose resulting from her written claim that the mayor of of the municipality of Conde, Aluísio Régis, was connected through “The Cartel” to the cannibal sect.

2015 – Elena Lobacheva – Moscow, Russia

“When Elena Lobacheva’s apartment was searched, police found five knives and on her computer, a “step-by-step instruction to killing people and photos of all of her victims with their stomachs cut open and body parts cut off.” Folders titled “Tenderness” and “Need this” contained hundreds of pictures and videos of torture and executions. In a notebook Lobacheva had recorded the number of knife wounds on the gang’s victims’ bodies.” [Will Stewart, “‘Bride of Chucky’ serial killer felt ‘sexual pleasure’ while knifing victims,” The Sun, June 22, 2017]

2015 – Tamara Samsonova – St. Petersburg, Russia

Arrested at the age of 67 on suspicion of murder, Samsonova’s diary, written in Russian, German and English, detailing a reported ten murders. Initial accounts of the case imply that all of the suspected murders involved the dismemberment of victims' corpses and the distribution of body parts in plastic bags throughout St. Petersburg.





SEE MORE: Female Serial Killer Collections


Friday, November 14, 2014

The Alimony Racket: Quotations

Here is an example of a contemporary alimony reform writer who has accepted the fake history of the American family perpetuated by the universities. The history of the family is an academic subject virtually monopolized by scholars whose ideology causes them to produce a false narrative in an effort to promote present-day policy:

“While divorces in Florida are technically “no-fault,” they reflect attitudes and realities from America in the 1950s, when the divorcing husband was the sole breadwinner and always considered ‘the bad guy’ in divorce, while the wife was considered ‘the helpless victim.’
[“What’s Wrong with Florida Alimony Laws?” October 2011, Prepared by Florida Alimony Reform]

The fact is that mandatory alimony was already in the 1920s recognized by judges and a huge number of women editorial writers as obsolete. Conclusion: History Matters!



1901 ~ “[I] can see no reason why, if a woman marries again, her second husband should not support her and her first husband be relieved from paying alimony.” – Justice Henry A. Gildersleeve, Supreme Court, New York, N.Y. (source)

1909 ~ Although divorced fifty years … and although no mention of alimony was made in the decree, no divorced man is safe from payment of that peculiarly irksome obligation so long as his former wife lives and fails to remarry. … In other words – that is, in plain American language – a wife who obtained a divorce twenty-five years ago, or even fifty, according to Judge Ball, can bob up unexpectedly and, having discovered that her former spouse has become wealthy or merely well fixed, may go into court and successfully demand her “rights.” – Judge Ball ruling, Chicago (source)

1909 ~ Because she had no child as the issue of her marriage with William Welch, and wished to secure alimony from him, Mrs. Cora Welch, plaintiff in a divorce suit borrowed a baby from an orphanage in Georgetown, Wash., and attempted to palm it off on her husband and the court as her own child, born in wedlock. (source)

1911 ~  “The ‘million dollar alimony girl’— Ethel Stewart Elliott—went into bankruptcy the other day, giving as her main asset unpaid alimony amounting to $28,000. Eleven years ago as Ethel Stewart, dancing in the extravaganza ‘Chris and the Wonderful Lamp’ she danced her way into the heart of John Love Elliott, millionaire mining man. For a few years they were happy. Then came the break and – divorce in 1907. Elliott at that time, it is said, settled $1,000,000 on his wife and allowed an extra $28,000 yearly to support her and her daughter. In the years since then Mrs. Elliott satisfied her craving for fine clothes, for travel and a life of ease. The million dwindled away and now she’s ‘broke.’” (source)

1920 ~ “The matrimonial profiteer,” says Judge Graham, “is a thousand times more dangerous than the economic profiteer who can more readily be reached by law.” … “Thousands of young men in the heat of war married women who lived with them perhaps two or three days, then put in claims for alimony. I know of one case in which a woman married five soldiers and for long time collected allotments from each.” – Judge Thomas F. Graham, San Francisco (source)

1925 ~ “There stream into my court sobbing and hysterical examples who imagine that by furtive dabs to moist eyes with their handkerchiefs that they will be entitled to keep their hands in their former husbands’ pocketbooks forever. The courts now are flooded with ‘gimme’ divorces. These are the remain Shylocks without chick or child and possessed only of a great desire to keep a financial stranglehold on the husbands they have released through law.. … 
Furthermore, under our modern standards woman is no longer man’s inferior. If you would find out whether this is true ask any one of them and see what she says in reply. Yet there appear before me every day unobligated women who seek from $15 to 50 a  week from their former husbands’ earnings to add to their own comfortable salaries and for no other reason, pretext or cause than that they were once married to the men. How unfair and terrible! Heavens knows, it’s hard enough in these days trying to support one household without, being compelled by law to support two. And no childless divorced woman in good health is going to get any assistance from me from now on in continuing this injustice. Marriage is an institution and not a collection business.” – Judge Harry A. Lewis, Chicago (source)

1925 ~ Judge Strong’s decision recognizing the new situation, according to the press reports, was expressed in no uncertain terms. “Everything considered, he said, “I believe alimony should be discontinued because it keeps certain women lazy, gratifies their revenge, makes men miserable and serves no good ends.” – Judge Selah B. Strong, New York (source)

1925 ~ Judge Taulane in discharging the husband stated that he believed “that when a woman has been separated from her husband for ten years, as this woman has, and then concludes to sue for divorce, she is not entitled to alimony while her action is pending, regardless of what her allegations may be. It would seem as though she wanted to create a fund to pay the expenses of her suit.” – Judge H. Taulane, Philadelphia (source)

1926 ~ “The whole business of alimony grabbing is degrading. It cheapens the relations between men and women. I truly believe alimony keeps thousands of couples from being reconciled. The woman being supported by her husband under order of the court isn’t anxious to effect a reconciliation. She is dawling in idleness, free, irresponsible. She’s making him suffer, so she gloats.” – Judge Selah B. Strong (source)

1926 ~ “We love and honour the ladies,” Hoebert said, “but we want to leave to our descendants once more real mothers and wives, and to prevent their being killed off by the alleged emancipation of the woman.” – Sigurd Hoeberth, activist, The World’s League for the Rights of Men, Vienna (source)

1926 ~ “The feminist, hysterical and degenerate cafe scribblers have helped cunning woman to forge intolerable chains for men.” – Herr Wollner, activist, The World’s League for the Rights of Men, Vienna (source)

1926 ~ I am convinced that very few of the actions for separation with alimony by childless women are sincere; that is, based on their honest belief that they are really entitled to what they ask. – Judge Selah B. Strong, Chicago (source)

1927 ~ “With alimony from one man,” they argued. “I can just manage to exist. But if I can collect from three or four at a time then I’ve a settled income tor life.” – Soviet wives (source)

1927 ~ “[Married women] have become parasites and consumers instead of producers, taking no share in their husbands’ burdens, and are worse chattels than their grandmothers. The vast army of women seeking divorce are mainly after easy alimony from men they have ceased to love – surely one of the most despicable forms of barter that can exchange human hands.” – Fannie Hurst, novelist (source)

1927 ~ Sally thinks she’s a dear, sweet home girl. She’s not. She’s the meanest kind of a slacker and cheat. She let a man build his faith on her. She went with him into a Going Business. She tied up all he had to give of youth and ambition and love. And then, because she was too stingy of soul to do her share, she took her children and left him bankrupt of faith or hope. Some day Sally is going to hear how Ed is “carrying on” and she’s going to be perfectly furious and divorce him and feel frightfully abused if he won’t give her alimony. Would you give an absconding cashier heavy alimony? For that’s what Sally is! -- Elsie Marlowe, journalist (source)

1927 ~ “Down with alimony gold-digging. Millions for defense, but not one cent for alimony.” -- Bessie Cooley, activist, Chicago (source)

1927 ~ “I feel myself not altogether adequate to the task I have set for myself, but nobody else seems anxious to lead in the new crusade. What we really need is a new and eloquent Dickens, to write in burning words of the wrongs of the alimony slaves, and dissipate forever the idea that there is something intensely funny about a man paying tribute to a lazy, selfish, worthless woman willing to live on his bounty while denying him a husband’s rights.” – Robert Ecob, Alimony Payers Protective Organization (source)

1927 ~ “Alimony is the plague of the country. There are only two ways to beat it: have oodles of money or die.”
            “All over the country there are thousands of men in the same boat we are in – victims of designing wives.” said Gasteiger. “But we are organizing against them and will win out in the end. There is too much ‘shaking down’ of men with money. Why, there is an army of childless divorced women living in luxury on the revenue of alimony.” – John Gasteiger (source)

1927 ~ “Polite blackmail is committed every day in the name of alimony, perjured testimony is suborned in sadly too many instances; unscrupulous women, in our state of New York, have actually contracted marriages with wealthy men of wistful affections, just to bring about a speedy quarrel and collect the alimony ever after.” – Robert Ecob, activist, President of AAPPA (source)

1928 ~ “The rising tide of divorce has brought us a new industry, the ultimate refinement of golddigging, the perfection of blackmail within the law—marriage for alimony,” said Faith Baldwin, the well-known writer. “Women who do not want husbands or children have found a joker in our marriage laws by which they can establish themselves comfortably for life; free, respectable, rich, safe—without personal cost or sacrifice.
There are thousands and thousands of women who are being supported by men to whom they are no longer wives. There is no doubt that this business of alimony is getting to be a serious menace, it may be all right when a man has plenty of money. To pay a former wife a few thousand dollars in alimony may mean nothing to him. But, on the other hand, just consider how many men are forced to pay alimony who cannot afford it. You will find in the majority of cases that there is no good reason why they should pay it, either. The women are well able to take care of themselves. If they did not lack pride and self-respect, they would not accept money from men who no longer mean anything to them.” – Faith Baldwin, novelist (source)

1928 ~ “The tyranny of modern women, who demand all rights and refuse all duties, who are marrying men only to lead a careless, workless and childless life, or to obtain a divorce and a lifelong alimony, this shameful tyranny is the underlying cause of all evils. “Look at the insane asylum Steinhof  in Vienna. Fifty percent of the unfortunate inmates were brought to this place because of their marriage.’’ – Leopold Kornblueh, president of Justitia, Vienna (source)

1928 – Arthur J. Eyring, Cleveland Court’s alimony clerk, who has paid out alimony for many years declared that although many women are deserving in being supported by their former husbands, it is unbelievable the number of women who are receiving checks from two or maybe three misguided former husbands. He said these divorcees have developed a highly skillful technique of marrying, divorcing and suing for alimony, then remarry some wealthier man, divorcing and suing again for alimony. Where there are children, Eyring believes it is no more than light for the former married man should aid in supporting his former wife and “kiddies.” It is contended, however, that the familiar “gold-diggers” far outnumber all other alimony receivers. – Arthur J. Eyring, Cleveland Court’s alimony clerk (Ohio) (source)
1929 ~ “America is still under woman’s rule,” said the official spokesman of the league, “and it might, therefore, be embarrassing to our new members to have their names published. In America the women mistrust us because they think our object is to reestablish the tyranny of men. In reality, all that we ask for men is a fair deal.” – Secretary of The World’s League for the Rights of Men, (Weltbund für Männerrechte) Vienna (source)

1930 ~ “I’m an engineer on the B & O ,” explained Steven Wasilewski. “I’ve got two children by my first wife, and two by my second. The four live with my second wife, and my first wife had me thrown in here because I owed her $600. I can’t pay her off when I’m not earning anything — and here I got four kids and a second wife starving.”
“Christmas in jail?” he murmurs gently. “Oh, I guess I might as well get used to it. I tell you what’s wrong with this alimony business — we shouldn’t ‘a’ got married in the first place.” (source)

1930 ~ “The gold-digging divorcee hires the highest-priced lawyer obtainable. Her former husband has to pay the counsel fee, so he probably has to hire a cheap lawyer for himself." “Usually at the advice of her lawyer, she declares the man’s income to be larger than it really is, and mentions hidden assets which may not exist. The defendant may file a correct answer regarding his income, but only one in 200 ever is granted a referee’s decision. So long as he owes a dollar, he has no legal standing and cannot plead his case. Physical disability or loss of his position or business has nothing to do with it.” Temporary alimony is awarded and the case set for trial. If the man is in arrears on these payments, or has not paid counsel fees, he cannot go to trial. The trial may be delayed for years, and the ex-husband may be sent to jail in contempt of court. – Dr. Alexander Dallek head of the legislative branch of the National Sociological League, (source)

1930 ~ The youngest alimoniac ever confined in jail was 19. He met a gold-digger one week, married her the next, and the third week found him behind bars. (source)

1930 ~ Three Chicagoans who have either been cited for contempt or committed to jail for failure to pay alimony, today sought incorporation of the Alimony Club of America. (source)

1931 ~ “The alimony racket has become the great woman’s industry. A sobbing pretty woman before the court — and what chance has the husband? In many cases the amount of alimony is so large in proportion to the man’s earnings that it completely nullifies any chance of happiness or of another marriage. And why – one cannot help but ask – should a divorced man be denied the right to a normal family life?” – Ruth Brown Reed (source)

1931 ~ “Counsel states no matter how just my claims are he will not give me a chance to go to trial until I pay him the $100. His exact words were ‘You will rot in here before I will get you out.’” (source)

1932 ~ “They know that under the law when a man has been put in here neither the mayor nor the governor nor the President himself can spring him. Under certain circumstances the governor can release a convicted murderer; he can’t do anything for a delinquent payer of alimony. Neither can the judge who signs the order. It’s not contempt of court, but just plain contempt of wife! And maybe most of the little women don’t know it, but oh, what contempt!” – Adolph Wodiska, activist, President the New York County Alimony Club (source)

1932 ~ “I get letters from women all over the country charging me with being a traitor to my sex,” Mrs. Gompers said. Her young face, under a cloud of snow-white hair, into a smile. “Well, I’m certainly an enemy of gold-diggers, if that’s what they mean.” – Mrs. Samuel Gompers, activist, National Divorce Reform League (source)

1933 ~ Today New York city alone has 80 men who are imprisoned just because they cannot pay alimony. Poverty is no excuse for the law. For instance, 58-year-old John Pettet has all the earmarks of becoming an “alimony lifer.” Seven contempt-of-court orders to pay alimony accrued during his incarceration and his formerly flourishing radio business has been shattered. He has no chance of making money to get him out again. (source)

1933 ~ “There have been several instances [in California] where women have been collecting alimony from two or three ex-husbands and when they failed to pay it was jail for them. Because such practices smack of racketeering the state decided to put a stop to it. If a woman can't get by on the income of one husband she should take lessons in management and clamp the brakes down on her expenditures.” (source)

1933 ~ There is nothing in our alleged modern civilization that is so disgraceful as the fact that divorce has become just as much a racket among unprincipled women as bootlegging has among men. A large class of women as bootlegging has among them. A large class of women as bootlegging has among them. A large class of women have made a gift wrecking homes and breaking up men’s lives. They enter into the most binding of all human contracts with no intention whatever of fulfilling it. They perjure their souls without even a qualm of conscience by taking upon their lips the most solemn of all oaths that they do not even mean to keep. – Dorothy Dix, journalist (source)

1933 ~ “Even a lowly alimony prisoner has constitutional rights,” Justice Bonygne had some crisp things to say about “petticoat government” and “waspish wives.” … “Let a waspish woman pluck the sleeve of the judicial gown or nudge the elbow concealed therein,” his Honor meditated, “and … restraint is immediately cast aside and the delinquent spouse faces the possibility of unending imprisonment through successive adjudication of contempt. This carries the supposed rights of woman to absurd, not to say unconstitutional, lengths.” – Judge Paul Bonygne, Brooklyn, N.Y. (source)

1934 ~ I joined this club primarily because I wanted to see justice done, and I feel that that very often a woman can attack her own sex with more effect than can a man. I am intensely against the ‘woman chiseler’ who marries not for a home and a husband, but for alimony and a good time at some decent man’s expense. – Mrs. Rose Fox, activist, New York Alimony Club (source)

1935 ~ What do you suppose an ex-wife is thinking about when she has her husband put under the jailhouse for not paying alimony? That question has bothered thousands of former husbands who from the inside of the jail saw no rhyme or reason in it. It led to formation of the Alimony Reform League of New York, which inquired into the subject. Now the story can be told.
Such women are psychopathic cases almost every time! And they are sadistic! At least they are bordering on some kind on some on some kind of psychosis that approaches sadism.
The Alimony League got back about one-half of 2,000 questionnaires it sent out. The first three questions ran: “Why did you send him to jail? How long are you satisfied now that he is in jail? How long would you like to have him remain there? More than one-fourth of the women answering the first question declared he belonged in jail, deserved it. About 63 per cent were tickled to death with the status of everything in answering the second question. They were satisfied. About 21 per cent were sorry, the rest, undecided. (source)

1935 ~  “Alimony caused the suicide yesterday of Mrs. Faye Wegener, a wife whose husband was compelled to pay a substantial part of his earnings in a divorced wife. Police found her body and a note voicing her despair in a gas-filled apartment.” (source)

1937 ~ The alimony racket is a definite livelihood for thousands of women. And until men do something about it it will flourish like a green bay tree. – Kathleen Norris, novelist, journalist (source)

1937 ~ Women who marry that they may divorce for money are high-class chiselers who have so far got off scot-free. It’s an old con game with streamline trimmings, and even if the men are dumb enough to fall for it, the women are still responsible for it as they who put over the idealistic and romanticized picture of womanhood which still makes a man believe that the little woman really does want a vine-covered cottage when she says, “Yes.” It’s all too easy these days for a woman to reason along these lines when she is momentarily bored or angry, “Why should I go on putting up with this guy? A divorce, with alimony to take care of the money problem, and I can live my own life as I please.” – Maxine Garrison, journalist (source)

1937 ~ Missouri’s lone woman legislator has offered a bill for the “relief of alimony-ridden” men, or those in danger of being classed in that state. Mrs. Gladys B. Stewart, Republican member from Douglas-co and a former assistant district attorney, has sponsored a measure which she believes will tend to curb “alimony grabbing tendencies” of some members of her sex. (source)

1937 ~ Few people realize how easy it is to have a man thrown into jail for non-payment of money owed. A person who owes as little as $5 may be put behind the bars in New York City even before being tried and found guilty of not paying a debt. …
But let me tell you there’s nothing funny ahead for the man who is escorted to a county jail to serve three months or so just because he is unable to beg, borrow or steal enough money, to satisfy (temporarily, at least) some hysterical or vindictive woman who is his former spouse. If he has a job, he’ll probably lose it; if he has a business, it will probably go to pieces in his absence. He can’t earn any money while he is in jail, so when he is released three months later he will be broke” and jobless, and that Ol’ Debbil Alimony will catch up with him so fast that it is almost a sure-thing bet that his ex-wife will have him back behind the bars in no time.– Lois Maddox Miller, journalist (source)

1937 – “Alimony has become a racket. …After all, the theory of alimony is to protect a woman who has relinquished her ability to support herself. She deserves this protection. But like many other laws that were well conceived, the alimony law is being abused. It not only is providing thousands of undeserving ex-wives with a comfortable living, but it has been twisted into a weapon by which women vent their hatred on the men they once loved.” – Spring Byington, actress, anti-alimony activist (source)

1938 ~ While we Americans sneer at the medieval domesticity of other nations, which makes the husband the master in no uncertain terms, those other nations have laughed right back at us for our idiotic glorification of the American wife. The American husband, it is claimed, makes the money but his wife gaily tosses it away. He is expected to stick to his job, but she sloughs off her housekeeping with a flip of the dust mop and spends most of her time in beauty parlors or at the bridge table. If she decides that she wants her “freedom,” she gets not only that but enough alimony to keep her from having to lift a finger for herself. And our European cousins think that such goings-on can hardly be turned be termed marriage. – Maxine Garrison (source)

1939 ~ “Alimony often amounts to holdups with the aid of barbaric laws,” declared Doctor Katzoff, medical director and consulting psychiatrist of the San Francisco Institute of Human Relations. (source)

1939 ~ You may be young and comely when you marry him. You may still be young and comely when you leave him and file suit for separate maintenance. You may be capable of supporting yourself, yet the law provides that he be your slave for life, your husband in name and checkbook only. Woman’s present economic status no longer justifies this, Judge Joseph Sabath, dean of the divorce judges of Cook county, declared yesterday. He said that as the separate maintenance law, with its condoned abuses, stands, it is merely an open door to “alimony, alimony, alimony.” (source)

1939 ~ As for alimony, one of the profound mysteries of the world is why men, who make the laws, have not long ago done away with the cruel and unjust and medieval status that govern the whole subject of divorce and under which they suffer, whenever they find it impossible to live with their wives, or their wives get tired of living with them.
That many women marry for the sole purpose of getting divorces a matter of common knowledge. The women who practice this hold-up game marry men they don’t love. They  don’t make an effort to get along with them, or do their duty as wives in any respect, and in the course of a year or two they pick a quarrel and fly to Reno.
Then their poor dupes have to pay them enough money to live on luxuriously ever after Why should this be possible? Why should a man have to spend the remainder of his life supporting a woman who has made his life a hell on earth? Why should a first husband have to go on supporting his former wife and her second husband? Why should a poor fellow who can't pay his alimony be put in jail where he can't make any money? My own idea is that no young and able-bodied woman without children should ever be given a nickel of alimony. She took her chances on marriage just as the man did, and she should be enough of a sport to be a good loser. – Dorothy Dix, journalist (source)

1940 ~ Every woman is entitled to one mistake, but when you have a woman casting aside her second or third husband, you find she is doing it because she is seeking a better, bargain, in, the form of larger alimony allowances. … You will invariably find that each succeeding male is wealthier than his, predecessor, and consequently a better contributor to the alimony-racket. – New York State Senator Edward J. Coughlin (source)

1944 ~ And another, and a bitter and a shameful reason, why women ask for divorces oftener than men is because they have found out how profitable is the alimony racket and how easily it can be worked by any pretty woman. Thousands of women marry men for whom they have no affection, and with whom they have no intention of living, just because a marriage license delivers their husbands into their hands as the victims of the lowest holdup game ever practiced. – Dorothy Dix, journalist (source)

1946 ~ It made me consider afresh what I often have thought of alimony; that alimony is essentially unfair, and that men who make and change laws so easily, are rather stupid that they don’t regularize this one. The childless woman I quote above was about 28. It is possible that “he,” whoever he is, will be paying her $6,000 a year for more than 40 years. A quarter of a million dollars for the 24 months she spent in disillusioning him and breaking his heart. Such a woman, if I judged her rightly, will not re-marry while this golden river is rolling in. She will have her love affairs and her freedom; she will feel herself infinitely superior to the quiet girl who sticks to her bargain, keeps her man happy and secure, and raises children. – Kathleen Norris, novelist , journalist (source)

1951 ~ “After World War I, which opened up new business horizons to multitudes of women, these laws became a legal device for picking husbands’ pockets. Something must be worked out from the present hodge-podge of laws to protect children, and at the same time prevent the hard-boiled sisterhood from using marriage as a high-jacking scheme. … Men and women must be equally responsible for the support of their children – as they have always been. Any effort on the part of either to shun that duty should be punished severely. But certainly, society can no longer tolerate the parasitic woman.” – Mrs. Walter Ferguson, journalist (source)

1952 ~  “We have a man who is so mad about alimony rackets, he’s written a book. ‘Alimony, The American Tragedy,’ is the title and Dr. Charles Wilner of New York is the author. …
Dr. Wilner’s most startling charge is that alimony laws are creating an ever-growing group of American spinsters. The lawyers connive with wives to extract every last dollar from an ex-husbands purse, he contends. Thus, the divorced men can’t or won’t remarry, because they are disillusioned and hate the opposite sex.
‘Millions of women pine away in unwed loneliness, merely because predatory alimony-wives devour their prey so publicly that many men are frightened away from matrimony into bachelorhood,’ says Dr. Wilner.” (source)

1954 ~ “IT’S BAD enough to have to pay that woman more money than I can afford. She always gets it, by mail, right on the nose. But I don’t think it’s fair for her to poison my daughter’s mind against me.”
Another father says tearfully that, after he complained his alimony payments were too high, his son told him on his next visit, “I hate you, Daddy! Go away from here! I never want to see you any more!”
One other weapon the wife can, and docs, use: the Alimony Jail. Under the law, failure to meet alimony payments is contempt of court, punishable in some states by up to a year in jail. Although a jail term doesn’t solve the problem of payment (husbands, of course, can’t pay while behind bars), many wives don’t care.
“I don’t want the money. I just want him to rot in jail for what he did to me,” one woman told her attorney. – Divorced men (source)

1954 ~ Will we ever have a new Lincoln to free the alimony slave? In New York’s Manhattan telephone book you’ll still find the entry: Alimony Jail. At various times it’s been my job as reporter to interview inmates of this jail, which is at 434 West 34th Street (appropriately in the Hell’s Kitchen district). Each time I was ashamed of my sex. – Helen Worden Erskine, journalist (source)



For more revelations of this suppressed history, see The Alimony Racket: Checklist of Posts


Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Female Serial Killers: Weapons, Poisons & Methods

This checklist is still in progress. The study of female aggression is still in its infancy. Criminologists largely overlooked violence by women as a serious subject of study until the 1950s. Yet the subject was quickly deemed “politically correct” and was deemed an “inappropriate” topic for scientific research.

Finally we are beginning to see the beginnings of an honest academic approach to this still largely taboo, subject emerging among the braver among the new young generation of criminologists, sociologists, and psychologists.

As of yet, women’s studies specialists have not expressed any interest in exploring the fact that female serial killers are far more common and far more diverse in ethnicity and in methods employed than is claimed by the experts.


From a review of the new academic book, Helen Gavin, Theresa Porter, Female Aggression, December 2014, Wiley-Blackwell: The authors “challenge our most cherished feminist beliefs about women as the more compassionate, cooperative, “maternal,” and non-violent of the genders.”


Asphixia variants

  • Asphyxia – Michele Kalina
  • Choke with Stone – Margaret Messenger (FSK girl)
  • Choke with potato – Jeanne Bonnaud
  • Choke with stone – Jeanne Bonnaud
  • Choke with Washcloth – Gwendolyn Graham
  • Hanging by noose – Viktoria Rieger
  • Smother – Mary Cowan, Gwendolyn Graham,Marie Doiselet (handkerchief, FSK girl, 2 v), “La Flèche Serial Killer Girl,” Sieske Hoekstra, Barbara Wilkinson
  • Smother with blanket – Christine Falling (“smotheration”)
  • Smother with pillow – Claudette Kibble, Marybeth Roe Tinning, Debra Sue Tuggle,
  • Stethoscope – Juana Barraza, strangle with stethoscope
  • Strangle – Juana Barraza, Martha Beck, Carol May Bundy, Amelia Dyer, Leontine Kasparek, Diane Lumbrera, Celine Lesage, Junko Ogata, Maria Reyes, Kathleen Riefer, Mary Runkle, “Shanghai Female Jack the Ripper,” Jeanne Weber, Rosemary West
  • Strangle with edging tape (millinery) – Amelia Dyer
  • Strangle with handkerchief – Ane Nielsdatter
  • Strangle with hands – Agnes Norman, Jeanne Weber
  • Strangle with ligature – Stella Williamson
  • Strangle with silk cord –Rachel Lynn
  • Strangle with silk scarf – Myra Hindley
  • Strangle with string – Myra Hindley
  • Strangle & drown in tank – “Kakoorgachi Serial Murderess”
  • Suffocate – Marie Bouriant, Dominique Cottrez, Anne Gaillard Delpech, Christine Falling, Waneta Hoyt, Elizabeth Kirkbride, Celine Lesage, Diane Lumbrera,  Marie Noe, Agnes Norman, Fru Olsen, Johannsen and Andrasen baby farmers; Mahin Qadiri, Debra Sue Toggle, Rosemary West, Stella Williamson, Gwendolyn Graham & Catherine May Wood, Martha Woods
  • Suffocate by stuffing mouth with toilet paper – Myriam Marlein


  • Boat (push into water) – Judias Buenoano
  • Drown – Henrietta Bamberger, Dagmar Overbye, Debra Sue Tuggle
  • Drown in Bathtub – Claudette Kibble
  • Drown in Ditch – Ane Cathrine Andersdatter
  • Drown in Icy Water – Ane Cathrine Andersdatter
  • Drown in pail of water – Anne Gaillard Delpech
  • Drown in Reservoir – “Black widow gang”
  • Drown in River – María Concepción Ladino Gutiérrez, K. D. Kempamma, Ane Nielsdatter
  • Drown in “sink” (open sewer) – Pamela Myers
  • Drown in Tank – “Kakoorgachi Serial Murderess” (strangle under water)
  • Drown in Well – Ane Cathrine Andersdatter, Jeanne Bonnaud (FSK girl), Margaret Messenger (FSK girl)


  •  Anafranil – Elfriede Blauensteiner
  • Antimony – Martha Grinder, Marie Jeanneret, Mary Meyer
  • Antifreeze (ethylene glycol) – Shirley Elizabeth Allen, Stacey Castor, Diane & Rachel Staudte, Julia Lynn Turner
  • Arsenic – (incomplete list ) Amy Archer-Gilligan, Mary Ann Armagost, Velma Barfield, Mary Bateman, Marie Besnard, Frances "Fanny" Billing & Catherine Frary, Edith Agnes Bingham, Giovanna Bonanno, Frau Buchmann, Mary Emily Cage, Clara Carl, Emily Stone Conyers, Mary Ann Cotton, Mary Cowan, Anna Cunningham, Persa Czirin, Alice Danbrough, Nannie Doss, Elizabeth Dalzey, Mary Demmer, Virginia Doyle, Roberta Elder, Ellen Etheridge, Nancy Ferrer, Sarah Freeman, Polly Frisch (Hoag), Marie Gagey, Nellie Mary Anne Geering, Janie Lou Gibbs, Bertha Gifford, Betty Jo Green, Anna Marie Hahn, Emma Heppermann, Bertha Gossett Hill, Marie Hilley, Susannah Holroyd, Margarete Jäger, Helene Jegado, Eliza Joyce, Monsieur Joye, Karoline Kieper, Tillie Klimek, Ida Leckwold, Anjette Donovan Lyles, Louise Mabre, Rhonda Belle Martin, Alice Mason, Daisy de Melker, Blanche Taylor Moore, Martha Needle, Katherine Nolan, Milka Pavlovich, Mary Pimlett, Madame Popova, Anujka de Poshtonja, Eliza Potegian, Anna Przygodda, Esther Sarac, Jane Scott, Della Sorenson, Caroline Sorgenfrie, Carrie Bodie Sparling, Harriet Ann Stevens, Anna Louise Sullivan, Maria Catherina Swanenburg, Rose Theyre, Anna Tomaskiewicz, Louise Vermilya, Annie Wagner (Rough on Rats), Mrs. Wahle, Nellie Webb, Phebe Westlake, Sarah Jane Whiteling, Hattie Whitten, Martha Wise, Eliza Wood, Annie Zachoegner
  • Arsenic (“mouse butter”; arsenic mixed with fat) – Gesche Gottfried
  • Arsenic in castor oil – Hattie Whitten
  • Arsenic pills – Elizabeth Dalzey
  • Atropine – Jane Toppan
  • Belladonna – Marie Jeanneret, Mari Azalai Jager
  • Bichloride of mercury – Mattie Shann
  • Black hellebore (hollebore niger) – Julia St. Joseph
  • Bleach (intravenous) – Kimberly Clark Saenz
  • Bromazepam Francesca Ballesteros
  • Carbon monoxide – Kanae Kijima; Rose Veres
  • Chlorodyne – Amelia Sach & Annie Walters
  • Chlororoform – Nellie Haven & Hattie Graham, Belle Gunness
  • Colchacine (colohioum, colchion) – Catherine Wilson
  • Colme (anti-alcoholism drug) – Francesca Ballesteros
  • Corrosive Sublimate (mercuric chloride) – Clothida Cravana
  • Creosote & Sulphuric acid – Elizabeth Berry
  • Cyanide – Chisako Kakehi, H. D. Kempamma, Bernardina Maria de las Mercedes Bolla Aponte “Yiya Murano,” Chen Kao Lien-yen, Galya Tannenbaum, Le Thanh Van
  • Digitalis – Marie Becker, Marie Jeannebraq (digitaline)
  • “Drug overdose” – Dorothea Puente
  • Dushuqiang rat poison (tetramethylene: TETS) – Wang Fang
  • E605 insecticide (parathion) – Christa Lehmann
  • Epinephrine – Kirsten Gilbert
  • Ether – Mrs. David Drake
  • Euglucon – Elfriede Blauensteiner
  • Feces as poison - Marie-Françoise Bougaran
  • Fly poison – Ida Leckwold
  • Furadan (carbofuran) –Yadira Narvaez Marin
  • Gramoxone (herbicide) – Noh
  • Horse tonic (containing arsenic) – LaVerne O’Bryan
  • Hostetter's Stomach Bitters – Lydia Sherman
  • Hydrochloric acid – Martha Rendell
  • Insulin – Beverly Allitt, Cecile Bombeek, Bobbie Sue Tyrell
  • Laudanum – Rosa Bronzo, Alice Danbrough, Minnie Dean, Eliza Joyce, Mrs. Reignolds, Mrs. Fred West (Clara West)
  • Liquid Fly Poison – Ida Leckwold
  • Liquor – Margaret Waldegrave
  • Luminol – Dr. Margarethe Heubsch, Dr. Marianne Tuerk
  • Lye – Ellen Etheridge
  • Matches (source for white phosphorous and arsenic) – Anne Dupin (“Lucifer matches” containing white phosphorous), Marguerite Léris Grieumard
  • Mercury – Lottie Lockman
  • Mivacuriam chloride (Mivacrom) – Vickie Dawn Jackson
  • Morphine – Annie Crawford, Caroline Finity, Dr. Margarethe Heubsch, Marie Jeanneret, Christine Malvere, Leticia Page, Jane Toppan, Dr. Marianne Tuerk, Jane Toppan, Waltrud Wagner (& 3 other nurses), Elisabeth Wiese
  • Nitric acid – Francois Trenque (nitric acid & arsenic)
  • Ointment, poisoned – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa & Giselle Young 
  • Opiates – Margaret Waters
  • Opium – Nellie Campbell (“opium gum soaked in milk”), Belinda Laphame
  • “Pain Killers” (Lethal injections) – Timea Faludi
  • Paraffin oil – Jeanne Bonnaud
  • Paregoric – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa & Giselle Young 
  • Parathion – Besse Reese
  • Paris green – Mattie Shann, Caroline Sorgenfrie, Anna Sullivan, Anna Snoots, Anna Tomaskiewicz
  • Phosphorous – Mary Elizabeth Wilson
  • Phosphorous paste – Brigitte Burckel
  • Porformaldehyde – Judias Buenoano
  • Potassium – Christine Malvere
  • Potassium chloride – Daniela Poggiali
  • Potassium cyanide – Mrs. H. D. Zarin
  • Pyralion and ether (mix containing acetate of lead used for killing weeds) – Antoinette Sierri
  • Rat Poison (very incomplete list) – Shirley Elizabeth Allen, Ella Holdridge
  • Rose Bay Leaves – Malvina Roester
  • Sleeping pills and morphine concoction – Irmgard Swinka
  • Spider poison – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa & Giselle Young
  • Spirits of salt – Martha Rendell
  • Stannous chloride (tin salt) – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa & Giselle Young
  • Strychnine – Amy Archer-Gilligan, Catherine Batchelor, Velma Barfield, Mary Ann Britland, Alice Danbrough, Belle Gunness, Mae Hamilton, Rae Anderman Krauss, Charlotte Lamb, Victoria Lefebre, Frau Manko, Mary McKnight, Nettie Hoxan, Isabella Newman, Kate Painter, Alice Platt, Hattie Stone, Birdie Strome, Sally Story, Margaret Waldegrave, Harriet Ann Stevens, Jane Toppan, Hattie Whitten
  • Strychnine in castor oil – Hattie Whitten
  • Succinylcholine (powerful muscle relaxant) – Genene Jones
  • Sulfuric acid – Catherine Wilson, Alsa Thompson
  • Tartar emetic – Elizabeth Wharton
  • Tetramethylene (TETS; Dushuqiang rat poison) – Wang Fang
  • Thallium – Caroline Grills (Thall-Rat), Tamara Ivanyutina (liquid Clerici, highly toxic thallium-based solution), Martha Marek
  • Tin chloride – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa
  • “Tranquilizers” (Lethal injections) – Timea Faludi
  • Truxal – Marianne Nölle
  • Typhoid germs – Julia Shepherd
  • Valium Patricia Dagorn
  • Variety of poisons – Anna Marie Hahn (“each victim was administered a different poison,” Kelleher)
  • Veronal – Dr. Marianne Tuerk, Dr. Margarethe Heubsch
  • Vitriol and sugar – Madame Delpech (“pouring vitriol and sugar down its [baby’s] throat”)
  • White mercury – Elizabeth Ridgway
  • Zolpidem – Francesca Ballesteros

Poison Carriers (Poisoners’ Cookbook)

  • Almond milk – Gesche Gottfried (“Almond milk with arsenic”)
  • Apple pie and cheese – Elizabeth Berry
  • Baked Apple – Virginia Doyle
  • Bananas and Eggs – Roberta Elder
  • Barley soup – Sophie Johannesdatter
  • Beans – Victoria Lefebre
  • Beef tea – Amelia Winters
  • Beef steak – Edith Agnes Bingham
  • Beer – Shirley Elizabeth Allen, Mrs. Camfield, Daisy de Melker, Ellen Wharton, Anna Marie Zwanziger
  • Biscuits, buttered – Jessie Bigbee
  • Bread and Butter – Anna Cunningham 
  • Bread and milk – Charlotte Lamb
  • Blueberry Pudding – Maria Velten
  • Brandy – “Kisoda, Hungary Serial Killers,” Pètronillo Schimonska, Lydia Sherman, Amelia Winters
  • Broth – Marie de Brinvilliers, Elizabeth Ridgway
  • Buttermilk – Anjette Lyles
  • Cakes –  Mary Bateman, Brigitte Burckel, Gesche Gottfried (“funeral cake”), Kathi Lyukas
  • Candy – Bridget Carey, Christa Lehmann, Eliza Potegian
  • Castor oil – Hattie Whitten (with arsenic, strychnine)
  • Christening cakes – Makrena Stankovic
  • Cheese – Jeanne Gilbert
  • Cheese and eggs – Roberta Elder
  • Chicken meat – Jeanne Gilbert, Catalina de Los Rios y Lisperguer
  • Chicken sandwich – Blanche Taylor Moore
  • Chicken soup – Pauline Rogers
  • Chocolate – Marie de Brinvilliers
  • Chocolate pudding – Mary Creighton
  • Cigarettes poisoned – Irmgard Swinka
  • Clam Chowder – Lydia Sherman
  • Cocoa – Mary Frances Creighton, Ella Holdridge (FSK girl)
  • Coffee – Anna Carlson, Mrs. Elmer Conyers, Daisy de Melker, Ekaterini Dimetrea, Marie Gagey, Betty Jo Green, Agnes Orner, Thekla Popov, Anna Pryzgodda, Antoinette Scierri, Annora Yeoman
  • Cookies – Della Sorenson
  • Corn and Beans – Phebe Westlake
  • Cottage cheese (smear case) – Celia Rose
  • Cream – Dora Bullock Frost
  • Croton oil – Anna Marie Hahn
  • Dumplings – Fanny Billings & Mrs. Frary
  • Egg nog – Sarah Whiteling, Mary Creighton
  • Epsom salts – Daisy De Melker
  • Fried Potatoes – Nancy Farrer
  • Grape juice – Eliza Potegian
  • Gruel – Fanny Billings & Mrs. Frary, Virginia Doyle, Sussanah Holroyd, Anna Zwanziger
  • Ham and eggs – Louise Vermilya
  • Holy water – H. D. Kempamma
  • Ice Cream – Blanche Taylor Moore
  • Kebab – Shirin Gul
  • Lemonade – Amy Archer-Gilligan, Mattie Shann, Mrs. H. D. Zarin
  • Milk – Elfriede Blauensteiner, Nellie Campbell, Ellen Etheridge, Suzi Olah, Florence Peters, Maria Swanenburg  (Van Der Linden)
  • Milk of Magnesia – Roberta Elder
  • Mince pie – Sarah Chesham
  • Molasses syrup – Nancy Farrer
  • Okra stew – Eliza Potegian
  • Onion syrup – Nancy Farrer
  • Pastry (masa finas) –Yiya Murano
  • Peaches and Cream – Martha Grinder
  • Peach pie – Martha Grinder
  • Pepper – Louise Vermilya
  • Pie – Sarah Chesham
  • Pigeon Pie – Marie de Brinvilliers
  • Plum tart – Jeanne Gilbert
  • Pork – Caroline Sorgenfrie (“fresh pork”)
  • Porridge – Jane Scott
  • Potato soup – Emma Heppermann
  • Prasad – H. D. Kempamma
  • Prune Juice – Nannie Doss
  • Prunes – Sophie Ursinus
  • Pudding – Mary Frances Creighton, Virginia Doyle, Blanche Taylor Moore
  • Pumkin pie – Nancy Hufford
  • Rice – Sophie Ursinus
  • Rice with milk – Martha Grinder
  • Rice pudding – Mary Ann Milner
  • Sake – Ineigo Kaneiko
  • Salt – Anna Marie Zwanziger
  • Sandwich – Mary T. Hartman
  • Soup – Marie de Brinvilliers, Renette C. Bussey, Martha Grinder, Madame Mizard & Anne Dupin, Anna Louise Sullivan, Frau Zivacky
  • Spinach – Anna Marie Hahn
  • Strawberry Ice Cream – Pauline Rogers
  • Sweet Tea – Julia Lynn Turner (antifreeze)
  • Sweetcakes – Eliza Potegian
  • Tea – Marie Becker, Lizzie Brennan, Bridgett Carey, Caroline Grills, Shirin Gul, Sophie Johannesdatter, Charlotte Lamb, Mary May, Martha Needle, Florence Peters, Sarah Jane Robinson, Lydia Sherman, Birdie Strome
  • Toast – Phebe Westlake
  • Veal soup – Gesche Gottfried
  • Water – Mae Hamilton, Elsie Bible Malinsky, Sally Story, Martha Wise
  • Whiskey – Nellie Webb, Rhonda Bell Martin
  • Wine – Virginia Doyle, Ineigo Kaneiko, Eliza Potegian, Gaetana Stimoli ("Stomoli")
  • Yogurt – Christa Lehmann, Aino Nykopp-Koski
  • Zwiebak and meat soup – Gesche Gottfried (Zwieback is a type of crisp, sweetened bread, made with eggs and baked twice.)

► Weapon: Blade

  • Axe – Raya Aly Hammam, Clementine Barnabet, Belle Gunness, Irina Gaidamachuk, La Gizzi, Lizzie Halliday, Estis Liberis, Maria Oliviero, Ekaterina Pishianova, Emma Stillwell, Lala Wanh
  • Blade (cutting throat) –Myra Hindley, Elizabeth Kirkbride
  • Box cutter – Elena Lobacheva
  • Hatchet – Ane Nielsdatter, Anastasia Permiakova (to neck)
  • Knife – Raya Aly Hammam (throat), Marie-Françoise Bougaran, Carol May Bundy, Johanna Dennehy, Jaroslava Fabianova, Mary Jane Jackson, Kimberly McCarthy, Doretta Kirksey, La Gizzi (or sword?), Elena Lobacheva, Sylvia Meraz (Knife?: Ritual sacrifice), “PK,” “Sao Paulo Girl,” “White-Necked Crow,” Dorothy Williams
  • Machete – Sara Maria Aldrete
  • Meat Cleaver – Jaroslava Fabianova
  • Scissors – Lizzie Halliday
► Weapon: Blunt

  • Drum Sticks – Sachiko Eto
  • Hammer – Martha Beck, Bender Family, Mademoiselle Bouhours, Jaroslava Fabianova, Irina Gaidamachuk
  • Hoe – Sarah Dockery (beat brains out with hoe)
  • Iron Bar – Mahin Qadiri
Weapon: Pins & Needles

  • Darning Needle – Pauline Middlestedt
  • Hatpin – Nannie Doss (in head of baby)
  • Hairpin – Ida Schnell (into brain)
  • Knitting Needle – Sophie Gautié Bouyou
  • Needle – Sarah Jane Makin (into heart)
  • Pin – Catherine Miller
► Weapon: Pistol, Rifle, Explosive

  • Bomb – Judias Buenoano (in car), Marjorie Diel-Armstrong
  • Grenade – Yoke Ying
  • Gas Gun – Mary Eleanor Smith
  • Musket – Maria Oliviero
  • Pistol – Sara Maria Aldrete, Putli Bai, Mary Lou Beets, Grete Beier, Anna Bergmann, Carol M. Bundy, Verónica Mireya Moreno Carreon, Suzan Carson, Faye Della Copeland, May Curtis, Charlene Gallego, Mary Ganole, Molly Foxwater, Mary T. Godau, Winnie Ola Freeman (Winola Green), Josephine Gray,  Angenette Haight, Shauntay Henderson, Maria Jiminez, Sharon Kinne, Michelle Knotek, Bertha Lankford, Frau (Ziesig) Manko, Leonarda Martinez, Alma McClavey (Theede), Carolyn Elizabeth McCrary, Euphemia Mondich, Kusuma Nain, Judith Neelley, Betty Neumar, Lillie Louise Peete, Caroline Peoples, Charmaine Phillips, Jane Taylor Quinn, Nancy Manriquez Quintanar, Amastaa Rubio de Pascadera, Diane Spencer, Minnie Wallace Walkup, Brookey Lee West, Blanche Wright, Angel Wright-Ford, Aileen Wuornos
  • Rifle – Inessa Tarvdiyeva
  • Shotgun – Inez Brennan

  • Abandonment – Sabine Hilschenz
  • Automobile (run over victim) – Betty Lou Beets, Henen Golay & Olga Ruttsrschmidt, Melissa Friedrich Weeks
  • Battery – Anjanapaia (sp?), Helen Geisen-Volk, Marie Bouriant, Barbara Wilkinson, Magdalena Solis, Miyoko Sumida
  • Beat to death with wine bottle – Lisa Karl
  • Bomb Judias Buenoano
  • Bludgeoning – Belle Gunness
  • Burning alive – Patty Cannon, Mme. Couturier, Julia Fortmyer, Kanae Kijma, Dagmar Overbye, Marianne Skoublinska, Lillian Thornman, Mrs. Fred West (Clara West), Henrietta Weibel, Martha Wiese
  • Bury alive – Elizabeth Ashmead
  • “Death Acceleration” (Nazi term) – Sister Liesel Bachor, Valentine Bilien, Margarethe Heubsch, Anna Katschenka,  Kathe Pisters, Matron Ella Schmidt, Marianne Tuerk
  • Dismember while alive – Felicitas Sanchez Aguillon
  • Drop child on head – Eunice Brillhart
  • Exposure to cold – Elizabeth Bathory, Helen Geisen-Volk (freeze to death)
  • Exposure to sun – Georgia Tann
  • Neglect – Miyuki Ishikawa, Coleen Thompson, Michele Kalina, Georgia Tann, Margaret McCloskey
  • Push out window – Rose Veres
  • Shake to death – Virginia Jaspers
  • Starvation – Ellen Batts, Guadalupe Martinez de Bejarano, Madge Clayton, Maude Dieden, Seema Mohan Gavit, Moulay Hassen, Linda Burfield Hazzard, Mme. Julien, Miriam Soulakiotis
  • Smash head against telephone pole – Seema Mohan Gavit
  • Starvation – Anna Allas & Mary Chalfa & Giselle Young, Mme. Barthian, Nellie Campbell, Linda Burfield Hazzard, Madame Julien, Margaret McClosky, Cynthia McDonald, Junko Ogata, Elizabeth Reed, Mrs. Tanaka
  • Stomp with heavy boots – Helene Braunsteiner
  • Torture – Elizabeth Bathory, Guadalupe Martinez de Bejarano, “Romanian Female Bandit,” Dianorah Galou, Moulay Hassen, Josepha Perez, Darya Saltykova, Mariam Soulakiotis, Georgia Tann
  • Twist neck – Wilhelmena Eckhardt
  • Whipping – Mariam Soulakiotis, Darya Saltykova
Miscellaneous (cause of death or following death)

  • Decaptiation – La Gizzi, “Druse Lebanese Serial Killer,” Esteis Liberis
  • Electrocution Junko Ogata
Special cases

Anna Allas & Gizella Young – “Gizella told the police that Mrs. Allas has pushed her husband, Mantyo, downstairs; that Andrew and Steven had been killed by slow starvation, paregoric, and poinson ointment; and that Richard Duyava had been starved, fed paregoric, and his body massaged with an ointment which congealed his blood and hampered its flow. Oh, yes, and he’d been given chopped spiders in his food!”

Elizabeth Bathory – The methods would include whipping, cutting with shears, burning with fire irons, beating with a cudgel, and sticking needles under their fingernails. When a girl would attempt to pull out the needle her fingers would be sliced off. Efforts were made by commoners to stop the crimes but to no avail. Eventually she would take into her household teenaged girls from noble families in decline. They were eventually treated the same as the peasant girls.

Marie-Françoise Bougaran – “When interrogated she confessed that she had killed all the children by forcing them to swallow excrements, and then cutting the veins of the neck with a knife, which she inserted in the mouth. The post-mortem examination of the poor children has fully proved this statement to be true.”

Raya & Sekina Aly Hammam – “They enumerated the methods by which various women were put to death, explaining that some were strangled, some stabbed, some attacked from behind with bludgeons and still others slain by choloroform or arsenic.”

Marie Jeanneret – “Bodies of her deceased clients were examined with several types of poison were found. Maried had used atropine (a derivative of belladonna), morphine, and antimony, a mineral.” [Robert Nash, Look for the Woman, 1981, p. 211]

Rachel Lynn – “Mrs. Rachel Lynn used fiendish cunning in killing the babes by strangling them to death with cords, by piercing their heads with sharp iron instruments and burning them alive in red hot stoves and grates.”

Rebecca Smith – “She confessed that she had poisoned eight of her children, by applying arsenic to her own breast when she suckled them.” [“School For Criminals.”  The Spectator (London, England), Aug. 25, 1849, p. 802]


Harold Schechter: – Partly, no doubt, because it was the favorite murder method of Victorian woman, most people tend to think of poisoning as a comparatively genteel way to commit serial homicide, not nearly as savage, say, slitting a victim’s throat and tearing out his entrails. And it is certainly true that mutilation-murder is far more sensationally grisly. Whether it is also crueler than poisoning is an open question. Though a significant number of male serial killers engage in hideous torture, many others – including some of the most notorious ones – have dispatched their victims in a fairly quick manner. This is true, for example, of most rippers. The atrocities perpetrated by Jack the Ripper seem nearly inhuman in their ferocity. But at least they were inflicted on his victims after death, which came with merciful swiftness.

By contrast, poisoners often subject the people closest to them – friends, family members, and coworkers – to excruciatingly slow and painful deaths, and derive pleasure from observing the torments of their victims.

[Harold Schechter, The Serial Killer Files: The Who, What, Where, How, and Why of the World's Most Terrifying Murderers, Ballantine, 2003, 306-7]


SEE MORE: Female Serial Killer Collections